Pengaruh Kosmologi Bumi Datar dalam Eskatologi Alkitab

Asigor Parongna Sitanggang

Abstract


Understanding the eschatology of each group or ecclesiastical school is quite diverse because this subject is indeed a difficult thing. This paper, Pengaruh Kosmologi Bumi Datar dalam Eskatologi Alkitab (The Influence of Flat Earth Cosmology in Bible Eschatology), aims to reexplore biblical texts relating to eschatology or the end of time. Of all the biblical texts available, it is found that the end times do not talk about the destruction of the earth and/or the universe and replace it with something completely or absolutely new, but only include natural disasters without destroying the absolute earth and/or the universe, so it is the renewal of the earth/universe that exists, now, inhabited by humans. This paper is the result of library research using the historical-critical hermeneutic method of the biblical texts used, including the two-source theory for the synoptic gospels. What is intended in this paper is that many eschatological texts or the texts discuss about the end times in the Bible, both Old Testament as also the New Testament, are strongly influenced by the understanding of flat-earth cosmology, so that reading of these biblical texts should not be carried out using the understanding of modern round-earth cosmology round.

 

Abstrak

Pemahaman eskatologi masing-masing kelompok atau aliran gerejawi cukup beragam karena memang pokok ini adalah hal yang sulit. Makalah ini, Pengaruh Kosmologi Bumi Datar dalam Eskatologi Alkitab, bertujuan untuk menggali ulang teks-teks biblis yang berkaitan dengan eskatologi atau akhir zaman. Dari semua teks biblis yang ada, maka ditemukan bahwa akhir zaman tidak berbicara mengenai penghancuran bumi dan/atau alam semesta dan menggantikannya dengan sesuatu yang sepenuhnya atau mutlak baru, melainkan hanya menyertakan bencana-bencana alam tanpa menghancurkan mutlak bumi dan/atau alam semesta, sehingga itu merupakan pembaruan bumi/alam semesta yang ada, yang sekarang, yang didiami manusia. Makalah ini merupakan hasil penelitian kepustakaan dengan menggunakan metode hermeneutik historis-kritis atas teks-teks biblis yang digunakan, termasuk teori dua sumber bagi Injil-injil sinoptik. Yang hendak dibuktikan dalam makalah ini adalah terdapat banyak teks eskatologis atau tentang akhir zaman dalam Alkitab baik Perjanjian Lama maupun Perjanjian Baru yang sangat dipengaruhi oleh pemahaman kosmologi bumi datar (flat-earth cosmology), sehingga pembacaan teks-teks biblis tersebut tidak boleh dilakukan dengan menggunakan pemahaman kosmologi bumi bulat (round-earth cosmology).


Keywords


cosmology; destruction of the earth; end times; eschatology; flat earth; natural disasters; renewal of the earth

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34307/b.v3i1.140

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